||The entrance way to the inner ward.
Buriano is located about 18 km inland from the town of Castiglione
della Pescaia. From Castiglione follow the SP3 until you reach the great
roundabout of Macchiascandona. From here you will take the SP43 until
you find the crossroad that lead to the town. The ruins of the castle
dominate the town from the highest point on the hill.
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» Where is Buriano located
is located on the southern slope of Poggio Ballone,
two kilometers south-east of Vetulonia, and dominating from
above the eastern plains of Grosseto and also the ancient Prile.
There is a spectacular view from fortress of the entire area included
by Vetulonia, Sestinga and Roselle.
Buriano was built in the middle ages and was mentioned already
in the year 973. It belonged to the Counts Aldobrandeschi,
before it passed on to a local family named Lambardo who had control
of the castle until 1332 when they gave over its power to Siena. In
1389 the castle was owned by the Appiano family of Pisa, who later will
succumb to attacks and sackings by the Sienese. At the end of the century
it was included in the Principality of Piombino, for
a long time satellite of the Spanish 'Stato dei Presidi'. It became
part of the Granduchy of Tuscany only in 1814.
A large part of the historic nucleus, of which some
fragments of the surrounding walls are visible, some
houses that are built on the ancient square towers and a town gate,
are all from the Renaissance period.
The Fortress is in ruins – in documents from
the 18th century it was already described as being abandoned. Build
with calcareous stone e dating in its oldest portion from the
12th century, it was a polygonal complex with
fortified walls and an inner courtyard,
the keep was constructed with at least two storeys. Entrance was from
a postern that gave onto a hall with cross vaults,
today partially intact. On the exterior western front, a square
tower rises. In the courtyard there are ruins of various buildings,
almost completely buried, witness to the strategic importance of the
site. There is free access to the site.
From the Romanesque period of Buriano, parts of the
Pieve di Santa Maria in Arcione, on the exterior of
the castle, are still visibile. This was built around the year 1000
but restructured in later years because of extensive damage.
The Romitorio di San Guglielmo is located south of
the town and was dedicated in 1597 by Father Giovanni da Batignano.
The church was built in a rustic style during the 16th century on the
site where an apparition of the Madonna appeared to St. Guglielmo. This
small, religious building was restored during the 18th century and is
still a an important site for religious pilgrimages.