Medicean Fortress and Rocca Senese
Lucignano can be easily reached following the Motorway A1 until the exit Monte San Savino, from which it is approximately 10 km far.
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Lucignano, fortified town in the southern Tuscany, represents
one of the most intact and perfect example of medieval concentric town-planning
(realized thanks to the use of only ring-roads inside the town walls).
Its roads are a intricate maze that leads to the highest point of the
town, where the Palazzo the Comunale, Chiesa of S.Francesco
and the Collegiata rises. The importance of Lucignano is all in
its strategic geographic positioning, on a hill of 414 meters at dominion
of the Valdichiana and of the main road of connection between Siena and
Arezzo. For this reason the castle was always strongly hard-fought.
The top of the hill, where rose the original castle,
was gradually transformed in a center of the political and religious power.
In 1371, under the domination of Siena, the works of fortification ended
with the finishing of the town walls, of which large parts gifted with
some towers still remain, and the three gates: Porta S.Giusto,
Porta S.Giovanni, and the so called Porta Murata, few years
later was built the Rocca, or Cassero Senese, just against
the town-walls at integration of the city defense. The Rocca has square
shape and the responsible of its construction was the architect Bartolo
Bartoli, from its walls emerges a mighty and high quadrangular tower,
equipped of machicolation, while another one smaller, comes out from the
northeast angle, towards the city, to control the main public square and
the Collegiata. The complex is now private property and object of restoration
[ in the past years it contained also a cinema!] with the works
in an advanced phase.