The Etruscan civilization dominated the whole area of central Italy before the advent of the Roman. The origin of this people is still today mysterious , having come up to us only illegible fragments of their writing-system.
However we have testimonies of their big commercial, industrial, agricultural and engineering ability. Etruscan farmers, merchants, miners and engineers built for the first time in history the sewerage and reclaimed the swampy lowland that subsequently became the center of Rome.
They were also able to foresee the future interpreting the direction of the lightning or observing the interiors of previously sacrificed animals but, as the Greek farmers of the south Italy, they ignored for too much time the ascent of the power of Rome that, after 130 years of continuous attacks to their city-state, called 'Lucumonie', put the word end to their civilization. The last Etruscan city to capitulate was Velzna (now called Orvieto) in the 265 AC.