Marciano della Chiana
The walled town di Marciano della Chiana, towered by the Rocca, ca ne reached following the A1 Motorway until the exit 'Monte San Savino'. Then turn right and follow the indications, Marciano is only 4 kms. away.
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Settlement of Etruscan origin, founded between the 4th and 2rd century b.C. on the western hills of the Chiana valley, Marciano developed during the Roman age thanks to its graceful position along an important branch of the Cassia Adrianea road that served all the Chiana Valley. However, only from the 11th century  we can find the name of Marciano written in documents: described as 'curtis' [fortified settlement] property of the monk of Arezzo Cathedral  and then fief, until 1384, of the powerful Tarlati family.
In that year Marciano - together with Arezzo and its countryside-
were acquired by the Florentine Republic. During the 15th century
Marciano became an important stronghold con the borderline between
the territories of Florence and Siena, so the fortified enclosure was
strengthened and a new, mighty Rocca built on the north-east corner
of the town walls. In the year 1439 the castle was occupied by Bernardino
della Carda, captain of fortune, and in 1554, on the nearby Scannagallo
hill, took place a famous battle between the Spanish-Medicean (Florentine)
and the French-Sienese armies, gone down in history as the 'Battaglia
di Marciano' (Battle of MArciano), decisive for the definitive
defeat of the Sienese Republic.